Key FactsOfficial Name: RomaniaLocation: South-Eastern EuropeTime Zone: GMT + 2Area: 237,502 sq. km - (91,725 sq. miles)Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and bluePopulation: 20,121,641 (2011) Second most populous in CEEEthnic Groups: Romanian 89%, Hungarian 7.5%, Gipsy 1.9%, German, Other 1.6%Religions: Christian Orthodox 87%, Roman Catholic 5%, Protestant 5%, JewishOfficial Language: RomanianCurrency: Romanian Leu (RON)Major Industries: Agriculture, Chemicals, Coke, Food Processing and ForestrySteel Works, Machinery and Manufacturing - Ford, Renault etc..Climate: Temperate, continental climate with four distinct seasons Capital: Bucharest Form of State: Parliamentary Republic with two legislative bodies: Senate and Chamber of RepresentativesLegal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
Romania is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary to the north-west, Serbia to the south-west, Bulgaria to the south, the Black Sea and Ukraine to the south-east and to the north and the Republic of Moldova to the east. Romania is the second largest country in the area, after Poland.Romania extends approximately 480 kilometres North to South and 640 kilometres East to West. Romania's territory features splendid mountains, beautiful rolling hills, fertile plains and numerous rivers and lakes. The Carpathian Mountains cover the centre of the country bordered on both sides by foothills and finally the great plains of the outer rim. Forests cover over one quarter of the country and the fauna is one of the richest in Europe including bears, deer, lynx, chamois and wolves. The legendary Danube River ends its eight-country journey through Europe at the Black Sea by forming one of the biggest and most interesting wetlands in the world, the Danube Delta.
•Mountains: 31% of Romania’s territory•Hills and orchards: 36%•Plains: 33%•Areas covered by rivers and lakes: 3.7 %•Total number of lakes: 3,500 - Lakes greater than 250 acres: 300•Highest mountain peak: Moldoveanu Mt. - 2544 meters
Romania has a temperate climate, similar to the north-eastern United States, with four distinct seasons.Spring is pleasant with cool mornings and nights, and warm days.Summer is quite warm, with extended sunny days. The hottest areas in summer are the lowlands in southern and eastern Romania where 30°C is often reached in July and August. Temperatures are always cooler in the mountains.Autumn is dry and cool, with fields and trees producing colourful foliage, much like New England.Winters can be cold, especially in the mountains. While not the rule, abundant snowfalls often occur throughout the country, from December to mid-March.Hottest Month: July Coldest Month: January.